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Articles  

1943


October


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  • 1 October, Fri.

    Pacific

    United States vessels sunk:

    Motor torpedo boat PT-68, damaged by grounding off Vincke Point, Huon Peninsula, eastern New Guinea, 05┬░56'S, 147┬░18'E, is scuttled by motor torpedo boat PT-191 to prevent capture.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Destroyer Saufley (DD-465) is damaged by near-miss of bombs from Japanese horizontal bomber, Solomons, 07┬░42'S, 160┬░14'E.

    Tank landing ships LST-448 is damaged by horizontal bomber, Solomons, 07┬░45'S, 156┬░30'E.

    United States vessels sunk:

    Mobile degaussing barge YDG-4 sinks nine miles southeast of Bulari Passage, after running aground off New Caledonia.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Peto (SS-265) sinks Japanese transport Tonei Maru and Japanese army cargo ship Kinkasan Maru, Southern Carolines, 04┬░00'N, 143┬░50'E.

    Submarine Wahoo (SS-238) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Masaki Maru in Sea of Japan.

    Atlantic

    Naval Air Facility, Recife, Brazil, is established.

    Naval forces under Commander Naval Forces Europe (Admiral Harold R. Stark) are designated the Twelfth Fleet.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Escort carrier Block Island (CVE-21) and destroyer Black (DD-666) are damaged in collision in Elizabeth River channel, Norfolk, Virginia.

    PV-1s (VB-128) attack German submarines U-402 and U-448 as the latter seek (unsuccessfully) convoy HX 258 in the North Atlantic.

    Mediterranean

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Metapan, in convoy UGS 15, is mined and sunk at 37┬░20'N, 10┬░35'E. Fuel-oil barge Syncline (YO-63) rescues the 50-man merchant complement, the 23-man Armed Guard and the one passenger.

     

  • 2 October, Sat.

    Pacific

    Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) lays mines off southern Celebes, N.E.I.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Tank landing ships LST-203 is damaged by grounding near Nanumea, Ellice Islands.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Japanese minesweeper W.28 is damaged by mine (laid by submarine Silversidess (SS-236) on 4 June 1943) off Kavieng, 02┬░36'S, 150┬░34'E.

     

  • 3 October, Sun.

    Pacific

    Japanese complete evacuation of Kolombangara, Solomons.

    United States vessels sunk:

    Destroyer Henley (DD-391) is sunk by Japanese submarine RO 108 off eastern New Guinea, 07┬░40'S, 148┬░06'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru is damaged by mine, Surabaya, Java.

     

  • 4 October, Mon.

    Atlantic

    Operation LEADER, the only U.S. Navy carrier operation carried out in northern European waters during World War II, causes "appreciable losses" to two convoys off the Norwegian coast and to shipping in the harbor of Bodo, Norway. Ranger (CV-4)'s TBFs (VT 4), SBDs (VB 4), and F4Fs (VF 4) sink Norwegian steamer Vagan and damage Norwegian steamer Topeka; sink German steamers Kaguir, LaPlata, and Rabat and transport Skramstad; and damage German tanker Schleswig and steamers Kerkplein and Ibis. German steamer Malaga is damaged by a dud bomb. Only two German planes approach the task force: both (JU 88 and HE 115) are shot down by combat air patrol F4Fs.

    Norwegian vessels sunk:

    steamer Vagan

    Norwegian vessels damaged:

    steamer Topeka

    German vessels sunk:

    steamers Kaguir, LaPlata, and Rabat and transport Skramstad

    German vessels damaged:

    tanker Schleswig and steamers Kerkplein, Ibis and Malaga

    German vessels sunk:

    Planes (VC 9) from escort carrier Card (CVE-11) attack three German submarines--U 264, U-422, and U-455--rendezvousing with a milch cow, U-460, north of the Azores. U-460 and U-422 are sunk, 43┬░13'N, 28┬░58'W, and 43┬░18'N, 28┬░58'W, respectively. This action in the central Atlantic allows convoy UGS 19 to pass through the vicinity unmolested by the enemy.

    PV-1 patrol bombers (VB 128) sink German submarine U-336, North Atlantic area, 60┬░40'N, 26┬░30'W, during operations to protect convoy ONS 204.

    Mediterranean

    United States vessels damaged:

    German bombers attack convoy UGS 18; a near-miss damages U.S. freighter Hiram S. Maxim about 12 miles northwest of Cape Tenes, Algeria, 36┬░42'N, 01┬░17'E; abandoned by all but a skeleton crew of 7 merchant seamen and 6 Armed Guard sailors, the ship is towed to Algiers for repairs. Freighters Leslie M. Shaw and Harry Lane rescue the remainder of the crew (33 merchant and 22 Armed Guard). There are no casualties.

     

  • 5 October, Tue.

    Pacific

    TF 14 (Rear Admiral Alfred E. Montgomery), including 3 carriers, 3 small carriers, 3 heavy cruisers, 4 light cruisers, 24 destroyers, and 2 oilers, bombs and shells Wake Island; attack is repeated on 6 October. Fearing that the strikes portend a landing and that an escaped POW could communicate the weakness of his garrison, the Japanese island commander (Rear Admiral Sakaibara Shigematsu) orders the execution of the 98 remaining civilians captured on 23 December 1941.

    United States vessels sunk:

    Tank landing ships LST-448, damaged on 1 October 1943, sinks while in tow of tug Bobolink (AT-131), Solomons, 08┬░03'S, 156┬░43'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Wahoo (SS-238) sinks Japanese army transport Konron Maru in Tsushima Straits, 34┬░00'N, 129┬░00'E. Loss of Konron Maru, of the Shimonoseki-to-Fusan ferry line, prompts the cancellation of night ferry trips across Tsushima Straits. Only 72 people, of the 616 on board, are rescued because of heavy seas.

    Mediterranean

    United States vessels damaged:

    German bombers attack convoy UGS 18; a near-miss damages U.S. freighter Cotton Mather about 15 miles north of Cape Tenes, Algeria, 36┬░00'N, 01┬░00'E. There are no casualties among the 53-man merchant complement and the 27-man Armed Guard; and the ship reaches Algiers under her own power.

     

  • 6 October, Wed.

    Pacific

    Battle of Vella Lavella takes place at night when three destroyers (Captain Frank R. Walker) intercept and attack nine Japanese destroyers (Vice Admiral Ijuin Masuji) evacuating troops from Vella Lavella, in what proves to be the last surface engagement in the central Solomons. Three U.S. destroyers are damaged: O'Bannon (DD-450) in collision with destroyer Chevalier (DD-451), 07┬░30'S, 156┬░15'E; Selfridge (DD-357) by torpedo fired from either of Japanese destroyers Shigure or Samidare, 07┬░27'S, 156┬░13'E; and Chevalier by torpedo from Japanese destroyer Yugumo. Chevalier is scuttled by destroyer LaVallette (DD-448), 07┬░30'S, 156┬░14'E. Torpedoes from Chevalier and Selfridge sink Japanese destroyer Yugumo.

    United States vessels sunk:

    destroyer Chevalier (DD-451)

    United States vessels damaged:

    destroyers O'Bannon (DD-450), Selfridge (DD-357)

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    destroyer Yugumo

    United States vessels sunk:

    Submarine chaser PC-478 and tank landing ships LST-451 are damaged in collision while en route from Adak to Amchitka, Aleutians.

    Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) lands men and supplies on northeast coast of Borneo.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Submarine Skate (SS-305), lifeguarding for the Wake Island strikes (see 5 October 1943), is strafed and damaged by Japanese aircraft off the atoll, but remains on patrol.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Steelhead (SS-280) damages Japanese fast fleet tanker Kazuhaya, 10┬░30'N, 146┬░37'E; Tinosa (SS-283) later finishes off Kazuhaya 240 nautical miles northwest of Truk, 10┬░30'N, 148┬░20'E.

    Submarine Wahoo (SS-238) probably sinks Japanese army cargo ship Kanko Maru, 37┬░18'N, 129┬░33'E.

    Atlantic

    Submarine Dorado (SS-248) departs New London, Connecticut, for the Panama Canal. She is never heard from again.

    Indian Ocean

    Last boatload (16 men) from U.S. freighter Cornelia P. Spencer, torpedoed by German submarine U-188 on 21 September 1943, reach safety on the coast of Somalia.

     

  • 7 October, Thu.

    Pacific

    Japanese complete evacuation of Vella Lavella, Solomons.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Light cruiser Concord (CL-10) is damaged by on-board explosion (leaking gasoline tank) off Nukahiva Island, Marquesas.

    United States vessels sunk:

    Submarine S-44 (SS-155) is sunk by Japanese escort destroyer Ishigaki north-northeast of Araito Island, east of the Kamchatka Peninsula, Kuriles.

    Japanese vessels lost:

    Japanese guardboat No.20 Inari Maru is destroyed by fire off Wake Island.

    Japanese transport Kikukawa Maru is destroyed by fire at Truk.

    Mediterranean

    United States vessels sunk:

    Tank landing craft LCT-215 and LCT-216 sink after breaking in half in heavy seas off coast of North Africa; LCT-196 breaks in half in heavy seas off coast of North Africa; the after section is scuttled by British surface ship but the forward section is towed to Bizerte, Tunisia.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Yorkmar, in convoy SC 143, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-645 at 56┬░48'N, 20┬░30'W. Of the 39-man merchant complement, 11 drown in the abandonment; 2 of the 28-man Armed Guard perish as well. Canadian corvette HMCS Kamloops and British frigate HMS Duckworth rescue the survivors.

     

  • 8 October, Fri.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Gato (SS-212) damages Japanese cargo ship Amagisan Maru with dud torpedo, 05┬░34'N, 152┬░10'E, and survives ensuing hunter-killer operations by escorting torpedo boat Hiyodori.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Guardfish (SS-217) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Kashu Maru, 00┬░20'S, 146┬░17'E.

    Submarine Gurnard (SS-254) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Taian Maru and transport Dainichi Maru off northern tip of Luzon, 18┬░48'N, 119┬░21'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF B-24 damages Japanese transport Heian Maru en route to Truk, 02┬░37'N, 150┬░46'E.

    Atlantic

    Naval Air Facility, Dakar, French West Africa, is established.

     

  • 9 October, Sat.

    Pacific

    Submarine Guardfish (SS-217) unsuccessfully attacks Japanese stores ship Manko Maru, en route to Davao, 01┬░04'N, 146┬░08'E. Although Guardfish claims one hit out of four torpedoes fired, none actually hits Manko Maru.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) torpedoes Japanese oiler Hayamoto in Sibitu Channel, 05┬░09'N, 119┬░18'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged: United States vessels damaged:

    Submarine Puffer (SS-268) torpedoes Japanese tanker Kumagawa Maru in Makassar Strait, 01┬░08'N, 119┬░31'E, but is damaged by depth charges (possibly dropped by auxiliary submarine chasers Cha 37 and Cha 41, summoned to the scene as escorts for Shoyo Maru which will tow Kumagawa Maru to Balikpapan) and is forced to terminate her patrol.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Rasher (SS-269) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Kogane Maru 28 miles from Ambon, 03┬░30'S, 127┬░45'E.

    Submarine Wahoo (SS-238) sinks Japanese cargo ship Hankow Maru off Oga Peninsula, 37┬░18'N, 129┬░33'E.

    Mediterranean

    United States vessels sunk:

    Destroyer Buck (DD-420) is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-616 in Gulf of Salerno, 39┬░57'N, 13┬░28'E.

     

  • 10 October, Sun.

    Pacific

    United States vessels damaged:

    Japanese planes attack three Lambu Lambu-based U.S. motor torpedo boats north of Vella Lavella, damaging PT-168 and PT-179.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Bonefish (SS-223) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Isuzugawa Maru and merchant transport Teibi Maru off Cam Ranh Bay, French Indochina, 14┬░49'N, 110┬░10'E.

    Submarine Grayback (SS-208) attacks Japanese troopship Hakozaki Maru, 28┬░41'N, 138┬░32'E; although the submarine crew believes one of the four torpedoes fired hit the ship, in fact all four miss.

    Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) lays mines off Cape Pepe, Makassar Strait, Celebes.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    USAAF B-24 sinks Japanese army cargo ship No.5 Hino Maru 20 miles southwest of Buka passage.

     

  • 11 October, Mon.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Skipjack (SS-184) damages Japanese transport Matsutani Maru five miles off Kwajalein, 06┬░25'N, 171┬░40'E.

    United States vessels sunk:

    Submarine Wahoo (SS-238) is sunk by Japanese naval aircraft, submarine chasers Ch 15 and Ch 43, and minesweeper W.18, in La Perouse Strait, 45┬░13'N, 141┬░56'E.

    United States vessels sunk: United States vessels damaged:

    Japanese planes attack U.S. shipping off Koli Point, Guadalcanal, torpedoing freighters George H. Himes and John H. Couch; tug Menominee (AT-73) beaches George H. Himes (which suffers no casualties among the 41-man merchant complement, 27-man Armed Guard, and 20 CB stevedores) to save the ship's cargo of lumber, shells and bombs. Three men perish on board John H. Couch (a merchant seaman, one Armed Guard sailor and a CB stevedore), whose cargo of gasoline and diesel oil catches fire at the initial explosion. Firefighting efforts by two destroyer escorts prove as unsuccessful as the crew's in putting out the blaze and the ship is abandoned by the 42 merchant seamen, 25 Armed Guards, 28 troop passengers and 99 stevedores (see 13 October 1943).

    Japanese vessels sunk: Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF B-25s attack small Japanese cargo vessels off Bougainville, sinking Sanwa Maru and damaging Muyo Maru with a near-miss.

    Atlantic

    Advanced Amphibious Training Base, Falmouth, Cornwall, England, is established.

     

  • 12 October, Tue.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk: Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF B-24s, B-25s, and P-38s, and RAAF Beaufighters, raid Rabaul, pounding Japanese shipping, town, harbor, and airfields in the vicinity, sinking transports Keisho Maru and Kosei Maru, cargo lighters No.1 Wakamatsu Maru and Kurogane Maru, and guardboat Mishima Maru; and damaging destroyers Mochizuki, Minazuki and Tachikaze, submarines I-177, I-180 and RO 105, special service ship Tsukushi, oiler Naruto, and auxiliary sailing vessels Tenryu Maru and Koan Maru.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Cero (SS-225) torpedoes Japanese stores ship Mamiya off Chichi Jima, 28┬░39'N, 137┬░28'E; collier Asakaze Maru tows the damaged vessel to Saeki, Japan.

    Atlantic

    German vessels damaged:

    Aircraft (VC 9) from escort carrier Card (CVE-11) break up another German U-boat refueling rendezvous when they attack U-488 about 600 miles north of Flores Island, Azores and damage U-731.

     

  • 13 October, Wed.

    Italy declares war on Germany.

    Pacific

    Japanese planes attack four Lambu Lambu-based U.S. motor torpedo boats southwest of Choiseul; PT-boaters shoot down attacking Japanese floatplane, an event that proves "the greatest lift" to the sailors who tangle almost nightly (and heretofore largely unsuccessfully) with nocturnal enemy aircraft in that theater.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Rasher (SS-269) attacks Japanese convoy proceeding from Ambon to Kendari, sinking cargo ship Kenkoku Maru, 03┬░47'S, 127┬░41'E.

    Submarine Seadragon (SS-194) attacks Kwajalein-bound Japanese ammunition ship Soya, escorted by auxiliary submarine chaser No.6 Shonan Maru, 08┬░50'N, 167┬░50'E; Seadragon damages neither enemy ship while No.6 Shonan Maru's attacks on the submarine prove equally unsuccessful.

    United States vessels sunk:

    Tug Pawnee (AT-74) tows gutted U.S. freighter John H. Couch, torpedoed by Japanese planes on 11 October 1943 off Koli Point, Guadalcanal, to a point two miles east of Koli Point, where the merchantman capsizes.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    USAAF B-25 aircraft bomb Japanese shipping in Amoy, China, harbor, sinking auxiliary submarine chaser Kongo Maru.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Japanese auxiliary minesweeper Wa 101 is damaged by mine near Madoera Island, N.E.I., 07┬░11'S, 112┬░45'E.

    Atlantic

    German vessels sunk:

    TBF (VC 9) from escort carrier Card (CVE-11) sinks German submarine U-402, North Atlantic, 48┬░56'N, 29┬░41'E.

    Mediterranean

    German vessels sunk:

    Destroyer Bristol (DD-453) is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-371, 70 miles west-northwest of Bone, Algeria, 37┬░25'N, 06┬░20'E.

     

  • 14 October, Thu.

    Pacific

    Japanese planes attack six Lambu Lambu-based U.S. motor torpedo boats off Choiseul Bay, damaging PT-183.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Grayback (SS-208) sinks Japanese fleet tanker Kozui Maru, 27┬░35'N, 127┬░30'E, and eludes hunter-killer operations carried out by aviation supply ship Takasaki.

    Atlantic

    Naval Air Facility, Igarape Assu, Brazil, is established.

    United States vessels lost:

    Coast Guard Cutter Dow (WYP-353) runs aground off Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, and is abandoned.

     

  • 15 October, Fri.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Tullibee (SS-284) attacks 10-ship Japanese convoy, sinking transport Chicago Maru, 24┬░35'N, 120┬░30'E.

    Atlantic

    Advanced Amphibious Training Base, Fowey, Cornwall, England, is established.

    United States vessels damaged:

    U.S. freighter James Russell Lowell, in convoy GUS 18, is torpedoed by German submarine U-371 at 37┬░18'15"N, 07┬░10'30"E and abandoned. British whaler HMS Southern Sea rescues the 41-man merchant complement and the 28-man Armed Guard. With hopes high for saving the ship, the merchant crew reboards the ship and Southern Sea takes James Russell Lowell in tow. As weather conditions worsen, all but the master and two men abandon ship once more (see 16 October 1943).

     

  • 16 October, Sat.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    USAAF B-24 sinks Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 31 off Cape Lambert, New Britain, 04┬░00'N, 145┬░45'E.

    Submarine Mingo (SS-261) attacks Japanese escort carrier Chuyo north-northwest of Truk, 11┬░02'N, 151┬░21'E. Although Mingo claims two damaging hits, the carrier (see 18 October 1943) emerges from the encounter unscathed; destroyer Hatsukaze depth charges Mingo but does not damage her.

    Atlantic

    American-built destroyer escorts transferred under Lend-Lease to Great Britain (HMS Byard, HMS Bentinck, HMS Berry, HMS Drury, and HMS Bazely) enter combat for the first time as escorts for convoy ONS 20. Byard will sink U-841 on 17 October. The British classify the ships as "frigates."

    United States vessels lost:

    U.S. freighter James Russell Lowell, torpedoed by German submarine U-371 the day before, is beached off Colla, Algeria, by British tug. The ship breaks in twain and sinks two weeks later, a total loss.
  • 17 October, Sun.

    Pacific

    Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-36 reconnoiters Pearl Harbor.

    German vessels sunk:

    Submarine Tarpon (SS-175) sinks German auxiliary cruiser Michel (Schiffe No.28) off Chichi Jima, Bonins, 33┬░42'N, 140┬░08'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF B-24s damage Japanese troopship Hakusan Maru 80 miles from Kavieng.

     

  • 18 October, Mon.

    Pacific

    United States vessels damaged:

    Small carrier Cowpens (CVL 25) and destroyer Abbot (DD-629) are damaged in collision during maneuvers in Hawaiian Operating Area.

    Submarine Flying Fish (SS-229) attacks Yokosuka-bound Japanese escort carrier Chuyo, 19┬░27'N, 145┬░20'E. Although Flying Fish claims one hit, the enemy flattop bears a charmed life, having survived an attack by Mingo (SS-261) on 16 October 1943 as well, and continues on to her destination on schedule.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Lapon (SS-260) torpedoes and sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Taichu Maru, 33┬░59'N, 136┬░24'E, and scores two "dud" hits on auxiliary minesweeper Keijin Maru.

    Submarine Silversides (SS-236) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Tairin Maru, 22'N, 143┬░23'E.

     

  • 19 October, Tue.

    Moscow Conference, attended by the Secretary of State and British and Soviet foreign ministers, convenes.

    Atlantic

    Heavy cruiser Tuscaloosa (CA-37), accompanied by one U.S. and three British destroyers, transports Norwegian troops and equipment to Spitzbergen to reestablish bases destroyed in the German raid of 8 September 1943. A second allied force, with carrier Ranger (CV-4) included, provides cover for the operation.

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Delisle, in convoy WB 65, fouls mine laid by German submarine U-220 as the merchantman lies to, 15 miles out of St. John's, Newfoundland, rescuing survivors of British freighter Penolver. Delisle suffers no casualties and is abandoned by the 32-man crew and 7-man Armed Guard, and three sailors from Penolver. British trawler HMS Miscou rescues the survivors.

     

  • 20 October, Wed.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Gato (SS-212) sinks Japanese transport Tsunushima Maru between Truk and Kavieng, 01┬░26'N, 148┬░36'E.

    Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Sana Maru off Banbon Bay, French Indochina, 12┬░36'N, 109┬░30'E.

    Atlantic

    German vessels sunk:

    Aircraft (VC 13) from escort carrier Core (CVE-13), escorting convoy UGS 20, sink German submarine U-378 north of the Azores, 47┬░40'N, 28┬░27'W.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Destroyer Cowie (DD-632) is damaged in collision with U.S. steamship Craigsmere in New York Harbor.

    Mediterranean

    German vessels sunk:

    USAAF B-25s and RAF Beaufighters attack German convoys north of Crete, sinking transport Sinfra which, unbeknownst to the attackers, is transporting POWs.

     

  • 21 October, Thu.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Steelhead (SS-280) damages Japanese aircraft transport Goshu Maru southeast of Ulithi, Carolines, 08┬░16'N, 141┬░53'E.

    RAAF Beaufort damages Japanese light cruiser Kiso 53 miles from Cape St. George, 04┬░23'S, 153┬░11'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk: Japanese vessels damaged:

    Japanese cargo ship No.11 Chofoku Maru is sunk by mine while en route from Surabaya to Penang; cargo ship Rakuto Maru is damaged by mine off Padamarang Island.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    Destroyer Murphy (DD-603) is cut in two when she is accidentally rammed by U.S. tanker Bulkoil 265 miles east-southeast of Ambrose Lightship, New York. Murphy's forward section sinks.

    German vessels damaged:

    Aircraft (VC 13) from escort carrier Core (CVE-13) damage German submarine U-271, north of the Azores.

    Mediterranean

    United States vessels sunk:

    German planes attack convoy MKS 28, strafing and torpedoing U.S. freighter Tivives about 15 miles off Cape Tenes; one of 48 merchant seamen and one of the 25-man Armed Guard perish in the ensuing abandonment as the ship sinks swiftly. Free French-manned corvette HMS LaMalouine rescues the survivors, who also include the six-man staff of the convoy commodore and one passenger.

     

  • 22 October, Fri.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Grayback (SS-208) sinks Japanese transport Awata Maru, China Sea, 26┬░40'N, 125┬░00'E.

    Submarine Shad (SS-235) attacks Japanese light cruisers Naka and Isuzu, en route from Shanghai to Rabaul, 28┬░40'N, 124┬░10'E. Although Shad claims damaging both, neither enemy warship is hit.

     

  • 23 October, Sat.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Silversides (SS-236) sinks Japanese fleet tanker Tennan Maru and army cargo ships Johore Maru and Kazan Maru, 02┬░30'N, 144┬░45'E (see 24 October 1943).

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF B-24 damages Japanese cargo vessel No.1 Kinpo Maru off Greenwich Island, 01┬░01'N, 154┬░08'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    U.S. aircraft sink Japanese transport Kyowa Maru northwest of Buka Island, Solomons.

    Mediterranean

    United States vessels sunk:

    German planes raid shipping off Naples, Italy; U.S. freighter James Iredell is hit by three bombs that set alight the ship's gasoline cargo. Although the ship is abandoned and the fire burns for 64 hours until it is ultimately put out, there are no casualties among the 44-man merchant crew, the 28-man Armed Guard or the 28 passengers.

     

  • 24 October, Sun.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Japanese army cargo ship Kazan Maru sinks as the result of damage inflicted by Silversides (SS-236) the previous day; attempt by Japanese submarine chaser Ch 24 to scuttle the immobilized Johore Maru fails. Silversides herself later finishes off Johore Maru.

    USMC land-based aircraft sink Japanese destroyer Mochizuki 90 miles south-southwest of Rabaul, 05┬░42'S, 151┬░40'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk: Japanese vessels damaged:

    PBYs sink Japanese destroyer Mochizuki and damages destroyer Uzuki south of Jacquinot Bay, 05┬░35'N, 151┬░35'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    USAAF B-24 sinks Japanese cargo vessel Nagaragawa Maru off Manokwari.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Japanese destroyer Satsuki is damaged by grounding off Utano Island, 05┬░31'S, 149┬░14'E (see 26 and 30 October 1943).

     

  • 25 October, Mon.

    Pacific

    Submarine Tullibee (SS-284) attacks Japanese transport Teisho Maru (ex-German Havenstein), escorted by auxiliary minesweeper No.11 Misago Maru 12 miles off Oshima, 26┬░05'N, 121┬░03'E. Although Tullibee claims damage to the larger vessel, Teisho Maru survives unscathed. No.11 Misago Maru carries out counterattacks but with equal lack of success.

    Atlantic

    Destroyers Parrott (DD-218) and Paul Jones (DD-230) attack German submarine U-488, but the U-boat escapes destruction.

     

  • 26 October, Tue.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    PBY damages Japanese destroyer Satsuki 15 miles east of Teop harbor, 05┬░34'S, 155┬░06'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    USAAF B-25s sink Japanese transport Yamatogawa Maru at Hai'ou, Hainan Island, 20┬░05'N, 11┬░25'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF P-38s damage auxiliary submarine chaser Cha 20, transporting troops and cargo, five miles off Buka.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    USAAF aircraft bomb Japanese shipping off Kiungshan, 20┬░05'N, 110┬░05'E, sinking transport Yamatogawa Maru, army cargo vessels No. 3 Shinwa Maru and Hokuzan Maru, and merchant cargo ship Hachiman Maru.

     

  • 27 October, Wed.

    Pacific

    U.S. and New Zealand troops land on Mono and Stirling Islands in the Treasury Island Group, Solomons; pre-invasion bombardment and covering for the landings are provided by U.S. naval vessels and aircraft. TG 39.3 (Captain Andrew G. Shepard) (two light cruisers and Destroyer Squadron 23) and aircraft from South Pacific Air Force provide cover for the landings. During Japanese retaliatory air strikes, destroyer Cony (DD-508) is damaged by horizontal and dive bombers 15 miles north of Mono, Treasury Islands, 07┬░23'S, 155┬░27'E. Tank landing ships LST-399 and LST-485 are damaged by mortar fire, 07┬░25'S, 155┬░34'E.

    United States vessels damaged:

    destroyer Cony (DD-508) and tank landing ships LST-399 and LST-485

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Flying Fish (SS-229) sinks Japanese transport Nanman Maru, 12┬░02'N, 134┬░28'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk: Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Shad (SS-235) and Grayback (SS-208) sink Japanese merchant cargo ship Fuji Maru, 28┬░20'N, 128┬░05'E, and damage cargo vessel Kamo Maru. Transport Oryoko Maru is hit by a dud torpedo.

     

  • 28 October, Thu.

    Pacific

    United States vessels sunk:

    District patrol craft YP-88 sinks after running aground off Cape Amchitka, Aleutians.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Flying Fish (SS-229) sinks Japanese fleet oiler Koryu Maru, 12┬░54'N, 134┬░06'E.

    Atlantic

    German vessels sunk:

    Aircraft (VC 1) from escort carrier Block Island (CVE-21) sink German submarine U-220 east of Newfoundland, 48┬░53'N, 33┬░30'W. U-256 is attacked at the same time, but escapes unharmed (see 31 October 1943).

     

  • 29 October, Fri.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Seawolf (SS-197) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Wuhu Maru off Swatow, 22┬░28'N, 116┬░10'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Navy or USMC F4Us damage small Japanese cargo vessel No.16 Kiku Maru near Tonolei, 06┬░47'S, 155┬░53'E.

     

  • 30 October, Sat.

    Moscow Conference ends. Groundwork is laid for conference of President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin at Teheran, Iran. Other agreements include the decision that China should join the alliance as the fourth major power and that a postwar organization to keep peace should be established. The latter will be the future United Nations.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    U.S. aircraft sink Japanese transport Ujigawa Maru off Rabaul, near Kieta, Bougainville, Solomons, 06┬░20'S, 155┬░45'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF B-24 attacks Japanese destroyer Satsuki 20 miles south of Mussau, 04┬░40'S, 149┬░20'E.

     

  • 31 October, Sun.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Rasher (SS-269) sinks Japanese oiler Koryu Maru, 00┬░25'N, 119┬░45'E.

    Atlantic

    U.S. airship K 94, en route from Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to San Juan, Puerto Rico, catches fire and crashes 35 miles north of Cape Borinquen, Puerto Rico.

    German vessels sunk:

    Aircraft (VC 9) from escort carrier Card (CVE-11) sink German submarine U-584 about 580 miles north of Flores Island, Azores, 49┬░14'N, 31┬░55'W. Other VC 9 aircraft attack U-91 at the same rendezvous point, but she escapes unharmed.

    German vessels damaged:

    Destroyer Borie (DD-215) damages German submarine U-256 north of the Azores.

 ©1999-2013 Ladislav Kosour, ww2@warshipsww2.eu (any suggestions, error-reports and comments are welcome)

 
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