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Articles  

1942


October


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  • October 1, Thu.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Grouper (SS-214) torpedoes and sinks Japanese army transport Lisbon Maru 20 miles north of Chushan Island, 29┬░57'N, 122┬░56'N.

    Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) torpedoes and sinks merchant cargo ship Yomei Maru off Ichiezaki, Japan, 33┬░31'N, 135┬░26'E.

    Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) sinks merchant cargo ship Tosei Maru east of Shiriyazaki, Japan, 41┬░20'N, 141┬░35'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Sturgeon (SS-187) damages Japanese aircraft transport Katsuragi Maru off Cape St. George, New Ireland, 05┬░51'S, 153┬░18'E.

    Atlantic

    Advanced Group, Amphibious Forces, Atlantic Fleet becomes Amphibious Forces, Europe under the Commander U.S. Naval Forces Europe (Admiral Harold R. Stark).

    Destroyer Roe (DD-418), 20 miles off the coast of Trinidad, rescues the 19 men (17 merchant seamen and 2 Armed Guard sailors) from U.S. freighter West Chetac, sunk by German submarine U-175 on 24 September 1942, and transports them to Port-of-Spain.

     

  • October 2, Fri.

    Pacific

    5th Defense Battalion, USMC, occupies Funafuti, Ellice Islands.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Transport St. Mihiel (AP-32) is damaged when she strikes uncharted underwater object off Turn Island, Alaska.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF B-17s bomb Rabaul harbor, damaging Japanese light cruiser Tenryu.

    Atlantic

    German vessels sunk:

    USAAF B-18 (99th Bombardment Squadron) sinks German submarine U-512 off French Guiana, 06┬░50'N, 52┬░25'W.

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Alcoa Transport is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-201 about 100 miles southeast of Trinidad, 09┬░03'N, 60┬░10'W. Submarine chaser PC-490 rescues the surviving 31 merchant seamen (three crewmen are killed; a fourth dies of wounds later) and five-man Armed Guard sailors.

    British steamship Loch Dee rescues 23 survivors from lifeboat from U.S. tanker Patrick J. Hurley, sunk by German submarine U-512 on 12 September 1942. All told, 31 of 44 merchant seamen and 14 of 18 Armed Guard sailors survive the loss of Patrick J. Hurley.

     

  • October 3, Sat.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    SBDs (VS 71, VMSB 141, VMSB 231, VS 3) and TBFs (VT 8) from Henderson Field attack Japanese supply convoy en route to Guadalcanal, damaging seaplane carrier Nisshin.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Greenling (SS-213) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Kinkai Maru, 38┬░46'N, 142┬░02'E.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Submarine Trout (SS-202) is damaged by Japanese aerial bomb off Truk, forcing the submarine to end her patrol.

     

  • October 4, Sun.

    Pacific

    United States vessels damaged:

    Destroyers Drayton (DD-366) and Flusser (DD-368) are damaged in collision during exercises in Hawaiian Operating Area.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Greenling (SS-213) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Setsuyo Maru off Sanriku, 39┬░48'N, 142┬░08'E.

    United States vessels damaged:

    U.S. tanker Camden is torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-25 off the coast of Oregon, 43┬░42'N, 124┬░52'W, and is abandoned. One crewman drowns as the men leave the ship. Swedish motorship Kookaburra rescues the 38 merchant seamen and the 9 Armed Guard sailors (see 5 October 1942).

    Caribbean

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Caribstar is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-175 off the mouth of the Orinoco River, 08┬░30'N, 59┬░37'W. The 29-man merchant crew suffers 4 dead and 13 wounded (two of whom later die of their wounds); there are no casualties among the 6-man Armed Guard. Submarine chaser PC-469 rescues survivors.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. tanker Robert H. Colley, in convoy HX 209, is torpedoed by German submarine U-254 at 59┬░06'N, 28┬░18'W, and breaks in two, with the forward part sinking first. Twenty of the 44-man merchant complement perish, as do eight of the 17 Armed Guard sailors (see 5 October 1942).

     

  • October 5, Mon.

    Pacific

    Planes from carrier Hornet (CV-8) (Rear Admiral George D. Murray) bomb Buin-Tonolei area and Faisi, Bougainville, Solomons.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    SBDs (VS 3, VS 71, VMSB 141) from Henderson Field attack Japanese convoy, damaging destroyers Minegumo and Murasame 150 miles from Guadalcanal.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    PBY (COMAIRSOPAC) sinks Japanese submarine I-22 near Indispensable Strait, Solomons.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Trigger (SS-237) damages Japanese transport Shinkoku Maru, 31┬░40'N, 142┬░06'E.

    U.S. tanker Camden, torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-25 the previous day and abandoned, is taken in tow by tug Kenai see 10 October 1942).

    Atlantic

    German vessels sunk:

    PBY (VP 73) sinks German submarine U-582 at 58┬░52'N, 21┬░42'W.

    United States vessels sunk:

    German submarine U-175 torpedoes, shells, and sinks U.S. freighter William A. McKenney about 50 miles east of Corocoro Island, Venezuela, 08┬░35'N, 59┬░20'W; one man is killed. Destroyer Blakely (DD-150) rescues the survivors (30 merchant seamen and the 4-man Armed Guard).

    British corvette HMS Borage rescues the 24 merchant seamen and nine Armed Guard sailors from the after section of U.S. tanker Robert H. Colley (the ship had been torpedoed by German submarine U-254 the previous day). Borage scuttles the stern section of the ship with gunfire and depth charges.

     

  • October 6, Tue.

    Pacific

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. tanker Larry Doheny is torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-25 off the coast of Oregon, 42┬░20'N, 125┬░02'W, and abandoned. Two of the ship's 34-man merchant complement die in the attack, as do four of the 8-man Armed Guard. Small seaplane tender Coos Bay (AVP-25) rescues the survivors. Larry Doheny sinks the next morning.

     

  • October 7, Wed.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Amberjack (SS-219) sinks Japanese supply ship Senkei Maru, southern Carolines, 01┬░55'N, 153┬░01'E.

    Submarine Sculpin (SS-191) sinks Japanese army transport Naminoue Maru off Rabaul, 03┬░14'S, 150┬░01'E.

    Japanese merchant cargo ship Midori Maru founders and sinks above Woosung, China.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Chickasaw City is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-172 approximately 85 miles south-southwest of Cape Town, South Africa, 34┬░00'S, 17┬░16'E; 5 of the 37-man crew, 1 of the 11-man Armed Guard and the sole passenger perish in the attack (see 8 October and 2 November 1942).

    U.S. freighter John Carter Rose is attacked by German submarine U-201; one dud torpedo fails to damage the merchantman and Armed Guard gunfire drives off the ship's assailant (see 8 October 1942).

     

  • October 8, Thu.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels lost:

    Japanese guardboat Toyohama Maru is wrecked (cause unspecified), Wotje Atoll.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Drum (SS-228) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Hague Maru, 34┬░06'N, 136┬░22'E.

    Indian Ocean

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. tanker Swiftsure is torpedoed by German submarine U-68 approximately 25 miles southeast of the Cape of Good Hope, 34┬░40'S, 18┬░25'E, and after firefighting efforts prove futile, is abandoned. There are no casualties among the 31-man crew, and all hands are rescued by a British minesweeper that comes out from Cape Town, South Africa (see 2 November 1942).

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter John Carter Rose is torpedoed by German submarine U-202 at 10┬░27'N, 45┬░37'W; fires triggered by the explosions make abandoning ship difficult. Five the 45-man crew perish, as do 3 of the 20-man Armed Guard. U-201 returns, but a second dud torpedo fails to damage the merchantman. The U-boat then shells John Carter Rose, after which time the Germans provide the survivors with cigarettes, medical supplies and food (see 13 October 1942).

    British corvette HMS Rockrose picks up 42 survivors (32 merchant seamen and 10 Armed Guard sailors) of U.S. freighter Chickasaw City, sunk the previous day by German submarine U-172 (see 2 November 1942).

     

  • October 9, Fri.

    Pacific

    U.S. troop convoy, consisting of transports McCawley (AP-10) and Zeilin (AP-9) and eight high speed transports (Rear Admiral Richmond K. Turner) sails from Noum├ęa, New Caledonia, for Guadalcanal with the U.S. Army 164th Infantry Regiment embarked.

    Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-7 reconnoiters Espiritu Santo.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Drum (SS-228) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Yawatasan Maru, 33┬░27'N, 136┬░01'E.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Coloradan is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-159 approximately 214 miles southwest of Cape Town, South Africa, 35┬░47'S, 14┬░34'E; six crewmen are killed in the attack. Survivors (who include 33 merchant seamen and the 15-man Armed Guard) divide themselves between two lifeboats; the men in lifeboat no.1 are questioned by the Germans and are given a course to Cape Town (see 11 and 19 October and 2 November 1942).

     

  • October 9, Sun.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Japanese oiler Shiretoko is damaged, cause and location unspecified.

    Japanese army cargo ship Shinju Maru is damaged, cause unspecified, northeast of Kasa Island.

    Atlantic

    German vessels damaged:

    German submarine U-505 is damaged by aircraft off Trinidad, B.W.I.

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Examelia is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-68 20 miles south of the Cape of Good Hope, 34┬░52'S, 18┬░30'E; U-boat officers question the survivors before the enemy submersible leaves the area. U.S. freighter John Lykes subsequently rescues the survivors (30 of 38 merchant sailors and 10 of the 13-man Armed Guard) (see 2 November 1942).

     

  • October 10, Sat.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Amberjack (SS-219) damages Japanese transport Tenryu Maru and auxiliary Tonan Maru off Kavieng, 02┬░36'S, 150┬░48'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Seadragon (SS-194) sinks Japanese transport Shigure Maru off Samarinda, Borneo, 01┬░01'S, 117┬░22'E.

    Submarine Wahoo (SS-238) sinks Japanese collier Kamoi Maru off Bougainville, Solomons.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Japanese submarine chaser Ch 14 is damaged by planes (USAAF B-24s and B-17s, accompanied by P-38s, bomb shipping in Trout Lagoon and off South Head) off Kiska, Aleutians.

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. tanker Camden, torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-25 on 4 October 1942, catches fire and sinks off the mouth of the Columbia River, 46┬░46'38"N, 124┬░31'15"W.

     

  • October 11, Sun.

    Pacific

    Japanese transport force (Rear Admiral Joshima Koji), formed around seaplane carriers Chitose and Nisshin and six destroyers, reaches Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal, to disembark elements of the Japanese Army's 2d Infantry Division. Three heavy cruisers and two destroyers (Rear Admiral Goto Aritomo, his flag in heavy cruiser Aoba) are to provide cover by shelling Henderson Field.

    Battle of Cape Esperance commences shortly before midnight, however, as naval surface force TG 64.2 (Rear Admiral Norman Scott) bars Goto's way. Heavy cruiser Salt Lake City (CA-25) and light cruiser Boise (CL-47) are damaged, but combine to cripple Japanese heavy cruiser Furutaka; destroyers Duncan (DD-485) and Farenholt (DD-491) are also damaged by Japanese gunfire, the latter possibly by friendly fire from either Boise or Helena (CL-50). American cruiser and destroyer gunfire sinks Japanese destroyer Fubuki (09┬░06'S, 159┬░38'E) and damages heavy cruiser Aoba (Rear Admiral Goto is killed on board his flagship) and destroyer Hatsuyuki.

    United States vessels damaged:

    heavy cruiser Salt Lake City (CA-25) and light cruiser Boise (CL-47), destroyers Duncan (DD-485) and Farenholt (DD-491)

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    destroyer Fubuki

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    heavy cruiser Furutaka, heavy cruiser Aoba and destroyer Hatsuyuki

    Soviet vessels sunk:

    Japanese submarine I-25, homeward bound from her deployment off the U.S. West Coast, torpedoes and sinks Russian submarine L 16 (bound from Dutch Harbor, Alaska, to San Francisco, California), 46┬░41'N, 138┬░56'E.

    German vessels damaged:

    Submarine Searaven (SS-196) torpedoes German blockade runner Regensburg in Sunda Strait, N.E.I.

    British destroyer HMS Active rescues 23 survivors from No.2 lifeboat from U.S. freighter Coloradan, which had been torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-159 on 9 October 1942 (see 19 October 1942).

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Steel Scientist, en route to Paramaribo, British Guiana, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-514, 05┬░48'N, 51┬░39'W; one crewman is killed in the attack. Survivors (who include 37 merchant seamen and the 9-man Armed Guard) take to a gig and three lifeboats (see 19 and 20 October 1942).

     

  • October 12, Mon.

    Pacific

    Battle of Cape Esperance continues as TG 64.2 engages Japanese cruiser and destroyer force. As the result of damage received in the battle, Japanese heavy cruiser Furutaka sinks, 09┬░02'S, 159┬░34'E; destroyers Murakumo and Shirayuki rescue survivors of Rear Admiral Goto's ships sunk in the engagement with TG 64.2.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    heavy cruiser Furutaka

    Despite efforts of a salvage party from destroyer McCalla (DD-488), destroyer Duncan (DD-485) sinks as a result of damage received off Cape Esperance. McCalla also conducts unsuccessful attempt to sink Japanese submarine I-2 off Guadalcanal.

    United States vessels sunk:

    destroyer Duncan (DD-485)

    Destroyers Gwin (DD-433), Nicholas (DD-450), and Sterett (DD-407) shell Japanese artillery positions on Guadalcanal.

    SBD (VS 71) sinks Japanese destroyer Natsugumo off Savo Island; destroyer Murakumo, after being damaged by TBF (VT 8), Navy and Marine SBDs (VS 3, VS 71, VMSB 141) and Marine F4Fs (VMF 121, VMF 212, and VMF 224) off New Georgia, Solomons, is scuttled by destroyer Shirayuki.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    destroyers Natsugumo, Murakumo

    Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) is damaged by depth charges off northern Honshu, 41┬░05'N, 141┬░58'E, but remains on patrol.

    Motor torpedo boats PT-38, PT-46, PT-48 and PT-60 arrive at Tulagi, having been towed from Espiritu Santo to a point 300 miles south of that place by high speed minesweepers Southard (DMS-10) and Hovey (DMS-11).

    Transport Mount Vernon (AP-22) is stranded by storm, Sydney, Australia, harbor, but is not damaged in the accidental grounding.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels damaged:

    U.S. freighter Pan Gulf, in convoy TAG 18S, blunders into U.S. minefield at 10┬░01'N, 61┬░50'16"W; she returns to Trinidad under her own power. There are no casualties among the 38-man merchant complement and 21-man Armed Guard.

     

  • October 13, Tue.

    Pacific

    1st Marine Division is reinforced by 164th Infantry Regiment of Americal Division, the first major U.S. Army unit to reach Guadalcanal.

    Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-7 reconnoiters Espiritu Santo.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Japanese submarine I-30 is sunk by mine, three miles east of Singapore (see 9 September 1942).

    North Russia

    German torpedo bombers attacking convoy PQ.18

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Susana, in convoy SC 104 and bound for Cardiff, Wales, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-221, 53┬░41'N, 41┬░23'W; 27 of the 42-man crew perish with the ship, as do 10 of the 16-man Armed Guard. British rescue ship Gothland rescues the six Armed Guard survivors and the 15 merchant seamen who survive Susana's loss.

    U.S. freighter West Humhaw rescues 18 survivors of freighter John Carter Rose, sunk by U-201 and U-202 on 8 October 1942. Argentinean tanker Santa Cruz picks up the remainder of those who survive the merchantman's loss.

     

  • October 14, Wed.

    Pacific

    Motor torpedo boats PT-60, PT-38, PT-46, and PT-48 (Lieutenant Commander Alan R. Montgomery) engage Japanese surface force (Rear Admiral Kurita Takeo) comprising battleships Haruna and Kongo, light cruiser Isuzu, and seven destroyers bombarding Henderson Field, Guadalcanal. Destroyer Naganami turns back the motor torpedo boats; Japanese bombardment destroys 48 of 90 planes at the field, putting the facility temporarily out of action. PT-60 is damaged by grounding on coral reef off Guadalcanal.

    SBDs (Guadalcanal-based VS 3) attack six-ship Japanese convoy escorted by eight destroyers heading southward toward Guadalcanal between Santa Isabel and Florida Islands, 08┬░50'S, 160┬░00'E, but inflict no damage.

    Japanese submarine I-7 shells Espiritu Santo.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Finback (SS-230), attacking Japanese convoy, sinks army transport Teison Maru about 20 miles off Tansui harbor, on northwest tip of Formosa, 25┬░20'N, 121┬░25'E.

    Submarine Greenling (SS-213) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Takusei Maru six miles off Todo Zaki, off northeast coast of Honshu, 39┬░33'N, 142┬░15'E.

    Submarine Grampus (SS-207) lands Australian coastwatchers on coast of Vella Lavella (see 19 October 1942).

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Sculpin (SS-191) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Sumiyoshi Maru 75 miles southwest of Kavieng, New Ireland, 03┬░51'S, 151┬░21'E.

    Submarine Skipjack (SS-184) sinks Japanese army cargo ship Shunko Maru (6,781 brr) about 450 miles west-southwest of Truk, 05┬░35'N, 144┬░25'E.

     

  • October 15, Thu.

    Pacific

    Submarine Base, Fremantle-Perth, Australia, is established.

    Patrol Wing 14 (Captain William M. McDade) is established at San Diego, California, for operations in Western Sea Frontier.

    Heavy cruiser Portland (CA-33) bombards Japanese shipping and installations at Tarawa, Gilberts.

    Japanese heavy cruisers Chokai and Kinugasa (Vice Admiral Mikawa Gunichi) bombard Henderson Field, covering the movement of six destroyers and eleven transports to Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal. Planes from Henderson Field, including USMC and Navy SBDs (VMSB 141, VB 6, other unidentified units), USAAF B-17s and P-39/P-400s, Navy F4Fs (VF 5), and USMC PBY (personal "flag" plane of Commanding General 1st Marine Aircraft Wing), conduct a succession of attacks upon Japanese supply convoy off Tassafaronga undamaged by VS 3's strike the previous day. USAAF B-17s damage transport Azumasan Maru which, along with merchant cargo ship Kyushu Maru, is run aground, where uncontrollable fires destroy both ships. Air attacks also sink Sasago Maru and damage destroyer Samidare.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    transport Azumasan Maru, cargo ship Kyushu Maru, Sasago Maru

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    destroyer Samidare

    Off San Cristobal, Solomons, destroyer Meredith (DD-434) takes on board the crew of tug Vireo (AT-144) at approach of planes from Japanese carriers Shokaku and Zuikaku. Before Meredith can scuttle the tug with a torpedo to prevent her from falling into enemy hands, however, the destroyer is overwhelmed and sunk in the ensuing air attack, by bombs and aerial torpedoes; Vireo and her tow (a gasoline barge), though, having been abandoned, drift off, untouched by the enemy. Some Meredith survivors reach safety on board the tug (see 21 September 1942).

    United States vessels sunk:

    destroyer Meredith (DD-434)

    Submarine Skipjack (SS-184) engages Japanese auxiliary Kifuku Maru at 04┬░36'N, 146┬░59'E. Skipjack's torpedoes miss; Kifuku Maru returns fire with her guns and escapes into a rain squall.

     

  • October 16, Fri.

    Pacific

    Japanese surface force (Rear Admiral Omori Sentaro), with heavy cruisers Maya and Myoko, and Rear Admiral Tanaka Raizo, with light cruiser Isuzu and seven destroyers) shells Henderson Field.

    TF 17, formed around carrier Hornet (CV-8) (Rear Admiral George D. Murray), strikes Japanese troops on Guadalcanal, and seaplane base at Rekata Bay, Santa Isabel, Solomons.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Seaplane tender (destroyer) McFarland (AVD-14) is damaged by Japanese dive bombers, Lunga Roads, Guadalcanal, 09┬░24'S, 160┬░02'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    After attacks by PBYs fail, USAAF B-26s (11th Air Force) sink Japanese destroyer Oboro about 20 miles northeast of Sirius Point, Kiska, 52┬░17'N, 178┬░08'E,

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    and damage destroyer Hatsuharu.

    Submarine Thresher (SS-200) mines the approaches to Bangkok, Thailand, in the first U.S. Navy submarine mine plant of World War II.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels damaged:

    U.S. freighter Winona, in convoy bound for Rio de Janeiro, is torpedoed by German submarine U-160 at 11┬░00'N, 61┬░10'W; and veers out of line, grazing the stern of steamship Austvangen. One merchant seaman and two Armed Guard sailors suffer injuries in the attack, but there are no fatalities among the 42-man crew or 15-man Armed Guard (see 17 October 1942).

     

  • October 17, Sat.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Trigger (SS-237) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Holland Maru close inshore near the mouth of Bungo Suido, off Kyushu, 32┬░21'N, 132┬░04'E.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels damaged:

    U.S. freighter Angelina, straggling from New York-bound convoy ON 137, is torpedoed by German submarine U-618 at 49┬░39'N, 30┬░20'W (see 18 October 1942).

    U.S. freighter Winona, torpedoed the day before by German submarine U-160, arrives at Port of Spain, Trinidad, under her own power.

     

  • October 18, Sun.

    Pacific

    Vice Admiral William F. Halsey Jr. relieves Vice Admiral Robert L. Ghormley as Commander South Pacific Area and South Pacific Force, on board auxiliary Argonne (AG-31) at Noum├ęa, New Caledonia.

    Submarine Grampus (SS-207) torpedoes Japanese light cruiser Yura, 07┬░47'S, 157┬░19'E, but her "fish" fails to explode.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Greenling (SS-213) sinks Japanese transport Hakonesan Maru close inshore off northeast coast of Honshu, 38┬░46'N, 142┬░03'E.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Angelina, straggling from New York-bound convoy ON 137, is again torpedoed by German submarine U-618 at 49┬░39'N, 30┬░20'W, and abandoned; an "exceptionally heavy sea" claims 33 crewmen and 13 Armed Guards; British rescue ship Bury rescues six men(one of whom dies later) from a raft and three from a lifeboat. Only four merchant seamen and four Armed Guards thus survive the ship's loss.

    U.S. freighter Steel Navigator, also straggling from convoy ON 137, takes on 40┬░ list as her sand ballast shifts; Armed Guard volunteers shovel ballast for 30 hours without relief (reducing the list to 12┬░) until financial bonus offered by ship's master induces reluctant merchant sailors to lend a hand in the arduous work (see 19 October 1942).

     

  • October 19, Mon.

    Pacific

    Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-19 reconnoiters Noum├ęa, New Caledonia.

    United States vessels sunk:

    Destroyer O'Brien (DD-415), damaged by submarine torpedo on 15 September 1942, breaks in two and sinks en route to United States for repairs, 53 miles north-northwest of Tutuila, Samoa, 13┬░30'S, 171┬░18'E.

    Submarine Amberjack (SS-219) arrives at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, assigned temporarily to Commander, Aircraft, South Pacific, for duty. Over the next three days, two of the submarine's fuel tanks will be cleaned and converted to carry aviation gasoline. She will also take on board 100-pound bombs and embark USAAF enlisted ground crew for transportation to Guadalcanal.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    SBDs (VS 71, VMSB 141, VB 6) from Henderson Field attack three Japanese destroyers north of Guadalcanal, damaging Uranami.

    Submarine Grampus (SS-207) lands Australian coastwatchers on Choiseul Island, Solomons.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Steel Navigator, straggling from convoy ON 137, is attacked by German submarine U-610; Steel Navigator briefly drives off the shadower with 5-inch gunfire, but the U-boat returns and torpedoes and sinks the freighter at 49┬░20'N, 32┬░00'W. Hastily launched motor boat swamps in heavy seas; no.3 lifeboat swamps as the ship plunges and spills its 35 occupants into the sea. U-610 surfaces and approaches the survivors' boats and rafts; when questions shouted by the submarine's commander fail to get answers, the enemy threatens to cut a raft in two. After answers are given in the brief interrogation, the Germans refuse to provide a course to the nearest land and depart. Subsequently, survivors right no.3 boat and redistribute themselves; the boats becomes separated (see 27 October 1942).

    Fishing boat (nationality not determined) tows no.1 lifeboat, with 25 men on board, from U.S. freighter Coloradan, which had been torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-159 on 9 October 1942, into Thorne Bay, South Africa; the Americans reach Cape Town the next day (see 2 November 1942).

    Atlantic

    Master and radio operator in gig from U.S. freighter Steel Scientist, sunk by German submarine U-514 on 11 October 1942, reach Tarlogie, British Guiana (see 20 October 1942).

     

  • October 20, Tue.

    Pacific

    United States vessels damaged:

    Heavy cruiser Chester (CA-27) is torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-176, 120 miles southeast of San Cristobal, Solomons, 13┬░31'S, 163┬░17'E.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Drum (SS-228), attacking Japanese convoy off southern Honshu, sinks merchant cargo ship Ryunan Maru, 34┬░09'N, 136┬░46'E.

    Submarine Finback (SS-230), attacking Japanese convoy off west coast of Formosa, damages army passenger-cargo ship Africa Maru and cargo ship Yamafuji Maru, 24┬░26'N, 120┬░25'E. Both sink the next morning.

    Submarine Gar (SS-206) mines the approaches to Bangkok, Thailand.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Tautog (SS-199) sinks merchant trawler Nanshin Maru, 06┬░59'N, 119┬░20'E.

    Atlantic

    Remainder of crew (35 merchant seamen and nine Armed Guard sailors) from U.S. freighter Steel Scientist, sunk by German submarine U-514 on 11 October 1942, reach Paramaribo, British Guiana, in three lifeboats.

     

  • October 21, Wed.

    Pacific

    United States vessels damaged:

    Destroyer Grayson (DD-435) is damaged in collision with fleet tug Vireo (AT-144) during efforts to salvage the latter, Solomons area, 12┬░08'S, 161┬░04'E. Salvage party from Grayson ultimately brings the tug (abandoned on 15 September 1942) and its tow safely into Espiritu Santo after a 400 mile voyage.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Japanese carrier Hiyo is damaged by engine room fire after departing Truk; she thus cannot participate in the Battle of Santa Cruz (see 26 October 1942).

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Guardfish (SS-217) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Nichiho Maru about 120 miles north-northeast of Formosa, 27┬░03'N, 122┬░42'E.

    Submarine Gudgeon (SS-212), attacking Japanese convoy in the Bismarck Sea, sinks transport Choko Maru about 110 miles west-northwest of Rabaul, 03┬░30'S, 150┬░30'E.

    Mediterranean

    In advance of the North African landings, Major General Mark W. Clark, USA; Brigadier General Lyman M. Lemnitzer, USA; two additional Army officers; and Navy Captain Jerauld Wright are landed at Cherchel, French North Africa, from British submarine HMS Seraph to meet with a French military delegation to ascertain French attitudes toward impending Allied operations. Among issues discussed is the French request for an American submarine to evacuate General Giraud from occupied France. Since none is available for that mission, a British submarine under temporary U.S. command will be substituted (see 5 November 1942).

     

  • October 22, Thu.

    Pacific

    Naval Air Facility, Otter Point, Alaska, is established.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Destroyers Mahan (DD-364) and Lamson (DD-367), detached from TF 16 to "shoot up the Japanese picket boat line" west of the Gilberts, sink gunboat Hakkaisan Maru southwest of Tamana, 03┬░30'S, 175┬░15'E.

     

  • October 23, Fri.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Kingfish (SS-234) sinks Japanese gunboat Seikyo Maru at entrance to Kii Suido, Honshu, 33┬░20'N, 135┬░27'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    USAAF B-17s damage Japanese submarine chasers Ch 31 and Ch 32 at Rabaul.

    Japanese submarine I-7 shells Espiritu Santo.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter Reuben Tipton, bound for Trinidad, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-129; three merchant seamen are killed in the attack (see 25 and 26 October 1942).

     

  • October 24, Sat.

    Pacific

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine Nautilus (SS-168) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship Kenun Maru about 20 miles east of Shiriya Zaki, off northern tip of Honshu, 41┬░24'N, 141┬░50'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Trigger (SS-237) damages Japanese oiler Nissho Maru in Bungo Channel, 32┬░06'N, 132┬░34'E.

     

  • October 25, Sun.

    Pacific

    Submarine Whale (SS-239) lays mines off Honshu, Japan, at entrance to Inland Sea.

    Second division of Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three, consisting of motor torpedo boats PT-37, PT-39, PT-45, and PT-61, arrives at Tulagi.

    Off Guadalcanal, tug Seminole (AT-65) and district patrol craft YP-284 are sunk by gunfire of Japanese destroyers Akatsuki, Ikazuchi, and Shiratsuyu; submarine Amberjack (SS-219), which has arrived that morning to deliver her cargo and passengers at Tulagi, is unable to attain a firing position to help Seminole and YP-284. Later, high speed minesweeper Zane (DMS-14) is damaged by the same trio of enemy warships in Sealark Channel. Japanese destroyers, however, do not emerge from the day's action unscathed. Off Lunga Point, Marine shore batteries (and VMF 121 F4Fs) damage Akatsuki, while USMC F4Fs (VMF 121) damage Ikazuchi; USAAF P-39s damage Samidare and Akizuki. Amberjack later disembarks USAAF enlisted men (67th Fighter Squadron and 347th Fighter Group), 200 100-pound bombs and 9,000 gallons of aviation gasoline at Tulagi. Released from duty under ComAirSoPac, Amberjack sets course for Brisbane.

    United States vessels sunk:

    tug Seminole (AT-65) and district patrol craft YP-284

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    destroyers Akatsuki, Ikazuchi, and Samidare

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    USAAF B-17s sink Japanese auxiliary minelayer Kotobuki Maru at Rabaul.

    Japanese light cruiser Yura, damaged by SBD (VS 71) and USAAF B-17 or P-39 off Santa Isabel, Solomons, is scuttled by destroyers Harusame and Yudachi, 08┬░40'S, 160┬░00'E.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Dutch submarine O 23 damages Japanese army cargo ship Shinyu Maru off Penang, Malaya, 05┬░28'N, 99┬░56'E.

    Atlantic

    Master and one merchant seaman from U.S. freighter Reuben Tipton, sunk by German submarine U-129 on 23 October 1942, are recovered by PBM and transported to Trinidad (see 26 October 1942).

    Caribbean

    United States vessels damaged:

    U.S. freighter Daniel Boone strikes mine while off coast of Panama; there are no casualties to the 42-man crew and 11-man Armed Guard, and the ship reaches port under her own power.

     

  • October 26, Mon.

    Pacific

    Battle of Santa Cruz Islands occurs as TF 16 (Rear Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid) and TF 17 (Rear Admiral George D. Murray) engage a numerically superior Japanese force (Vice Admiral Nagumo Chuichi). Although the Japanese achieve a tactical victory, the failure of their simultaneous land offensive on Guadalcanal means that they cannot exploit it to its fullest. The dwindling number of Japanese carrier planes cannot eliminate Henderson Field, while fuel shortages compel the Combined Fleet to retire on Truk. Americans control the skies above the sea routes to Guadalcanal.

    The victory, however, does not come cheaply in this, the fourth major carrier battle of 1942, for Enterprise (CV-6) is damaged by planes from carriers Junyo and Shokaku; Hornet (CV-8) is damaged by planes from Junyo, Shokaku, and Zuikaku; battleship South Dakota (BB-57) and light cruiser San Juan (CL-54) are damaged by planes from Junyo; destroyer Smith (DD-378) is damaged by a crashing carrier attack plane; during the operation of fighting Hornet's fires and taking off her survivors, destroyer Hughes (DD-410) is damaged in collision with the doomed carrier (as well as by friendly fire earlier in the action). The attempt to scuttle the irreparably damaged Hornet, by gunfire and torpedoes from destroyers Mustin (DD-413) and Anderson (DD-411) fails; destroyer Porter (DD-356) is accidentally torpedoed by battle-damaged and ditched TBF (VT 10), and, deemed beyond salvage, is scuttled by destroyer Shaw (DD-373).

    United States vessels sunk:

    destroyer Porter (DD-356)

    United States vessels damaged:

    carriers Enterprise (CV-6) and Hornet (CV-8), battleship South Dakota (BB-57), light cruiser San Juan (CL-54), destroyers Smith (DD-378) and Hughes (DD-410)

    SBDs (VS 10) from Enterprise damage carrier Zuiho; SBDs (VB 8, VS 8) from Hornet damage carrier Shokaku and destroyer Terutsuki; TBFs (VT 6) from Hornet damage heavy cruiser Chikuma.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    carriers Zuiho and Shokaku, destroyer Terutsuki, heavy cruiser Chikuma

    Battle of Henderson Field ends as marines repulse Japanese land and air attacks.

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. liner President Coolidge, chartered for use as a troop transport, blunders into U.S. minefield off Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides; the ship is beached to facilitate salvage, but slips into deep water and sinks. Four of the 5,050 Army troops are lost in the accident, as is one of the 290-man merchant complement. There are no casualties among the 51-man Armed Guard.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    Submarine S-31 (SS-136) sinks Japanese transport Keizan Maru off Paramushiro, 50┬░10'N, 155┬░36'E.

    Indian Ocean

    United States vessels damaged:

    U.S. freighter Anne Hutchinson is torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U-504 some 90 miles off East London, South Africa, 33┬░12'S, 29┬░03'E; three crewmen are killed in the attack. The rest of the ship's complement (37 merchant sailors and the 17-man Armed Guard) take to two lifeboats (see 27, 28, and 31 October 1942).

    Atlantic

    British motor torpedo boat rescues 39 merchant seaman and the 10-man Armed Guard from U.S. freighter Reuben Tipton, sunk by German submarine U-129 on 23 October 1942, and are transported to Barbados.

     

  • October 27, Tue.

    Pacific

    United States vessels sunk:

    Abandoned carrier Hornet (CV-8), damaged by bombs and torpedoes and attempted scuttling the previous day, is sunk by Japanese destroyers Akigumo and Makigumo, 08┬░38'S, 166┬░43'E.

    United States vessels damaged:

    Battleship South Dakota (BB-57) and destroyer Mahan (DD-364) are damaged in collision while retiring from the Battle of Santa Cruz.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    PBY (VP 91) bombs and damages Japanese destroyer Terutsuki.

    Atlantic

    United States vessels damaged:

    German submarines attack convoy HX 212 as it heads toward the British Isles: U.S. tanker Gurney E. Newlin, is torpedoed by U-436; three crewmen are killed. The rest of the 37-man crew, and the 19-man Armed Guard, abandon ship into three boats and two rafts. Canadian corvette HMCS Alberni rescues six merchant seamen and six Armed Guard sailors; Canadian tanker Bic Island picks up 31 merchant seamen and 13 Armed Guard sailors (see 28-29 October 1942).

    U.S. freighter Stephen Hopkins's survivors reach Itabopoano, Brazil; 32 of 40 merchant sailors, as well as 9 of the 15-man Armed Guard, have perished either in battle or from exposure during the month-long ordeal in the lifeboat.

    Survivors (ten merchant seamen and six Armed Guard sailors) from U.S. freighter Steel Navigator, sunk by German submarine U-610 on 19 October 1942, are rescued by British destroyer HMS Decoy. The other lifeboat containing the other 17 survivors is never found.

    Indian Ocean

    Ten survivors from U.S. freighter Anne Hutchinson, torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U-504 on 26 October 1942, are rescued by U.S, freighter Steel Mariner (see 28 and 31 October 1942).

     

  • October 28, Wed.

    Indian Ocean

    Thirty-seven survivors from U.S. freighter Anne Hutchinson, torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U-504 on 26 October 1942, are rescued by civilian fishing trawler and taken to Port Alfred, South Africa. Aircraft sight the drifting freighter, now broken into two pieces, at 34┬░13'S, 26┬░55'E (see 31 October 1942).

    Atlantic

    United States vessels sunk:

    German submarines continue to stalk British Isles-bound convoy HX 212: U.S. tanker Gurney E. Newlin, abandoned after being torpedoed the previous day by German submarine U-436, is given the coup de grace by U-606 and sinks (see 29 October 1942).

     

  • October 29, Thu.

    Pacific Theater

    Submarine Grenadier (SS-210) lays mines in Tonkin Gulf off Haiphong, French Indochina.

    Japanese vessels sunk:

    PBY (VP 11) sinks Japanese submarine I-172 west of San Cristobal Island, Solomons, 13┬░01'S, 162┬░45'E.

    Atlantic

    German submarine attacks on British Isles-bound convoy HX 212 continue: U.S. tanker Pan New York is torpedoed by U-624 about 550 miles west of Northern Ireland, 54┬░58'N, 23┬░56'W and her cargo of aviation gasoline catches fire, virtually incinerating the ship. Of the 56 souls on board (39 merchant seamen and a 17-man Armed Guard), only 14 (13 crewmen and one Armed Guard sailor) are rescued by Canadian corvettes: HMCS Rosthern picks up 13 (one of whom dies after being rescued); HMCS Summerside two. Escort vessels shell and depth charge the doomed ship. U-224 torpedoes Canadian tanker Bic Island as it straggles from the convoy at 55┬░05'N, 23┬░27'E, and sinks her with all hands (including the 44 men rescued from U.S. tanker Gurney E. Newlin on 27 October 1942).

    United States vessels sunk:

    tanker Pan New York

    United States vessels sunk:

    U.S. freighter West Kebar is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-129 14┬░57'N, 53┬░37'E, while en route from Freetown, Sierra Leone, to St. Thomas, Virgin Islands; three merchant seamen are killed. The survivors take to two lifeboats and one raft (see 8, 10 and 18 November 1942).

     

  • October 30, Fri.

    Pacific

    TG 64.2 (Rear Admiral Norman Scott), comprising light cruiser Atlanta (CL-51) and four destroyers, bombards Japanese positions at Point Cruz, Guadalcanal.

    Small reconnaissance seaplane from Japanese submarine I-9 reconnoiters Noum├ęa, New Caledonia.

    Japanese land second invasion force at Attu, Aleutians.

     

  • October 31, Sat.

    Pacific

    United States vessels lost:

    While en route to from French Frigate Shoals to Midway, district patrol craft YP-345 is lost without trace to unknown causes, about 80 miles northeast of Laysan Island.

    Japanese vessels damaged:

    Submarine Grayback (SS-208) damages Japanese army cargo ship Noto Maru off Rabaul, 04┬░37'S, 152┬░30'E.

    Indian Ocean

    South African naval forces board the forward portion of U.S. freighter Anne Hutchinson, torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U-504 on 26 October 1942; British tug HMS David Haigh tows the bow portion (the after part has sunk in the meantime) to Port Elizabeth, South Africa.


 ©1999-2013 Ladislav Kosour, ww2@warshipsww2.eu (any suggestions, error-reports and comments are welcome)

 
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